Friday, April 15
Irani Hall (RRI), RRI 101
1050 Childs Way, Los Angeles, CA 90089
Title: Fun experiments you can only do with frogs
Abstract:The scientific goal of my laboratory is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of cell division and size control. Our interdisciplinary approaches take advantage of in vitro systems, particularly cytoplasmic extracts prepared from eggs of the frog Xenopus laevis that reconstitute mitotic chromosome condensation and spindle assembly in vitro. To study mechanisms of spindle and organelle size control, we have utilized a smaller, related frog, Xenopus tropicalis, to investigate interspecies scaling, and extracts prepared from fertilized eggs at different stages of embryogenesis to study developmental scaling. Our research provides novel insight into cell division and morphogenesis, processes essential for viability and development, and defective in human diseases such as cancer. Current projects focus on two major areas. The first is to elucidate molecular mechanisms that define the architecture of the spindle and mitotic chromosomes. We are studying how these mechanisms generate the diversity of spindle morphologies observed across cell types, and how their alteration contributes to chromosome segregation defects observed in cancer cells and in inviable hybrid frog embryos. The second area is to examine size control mechanisms at the subcellular, cellular and organism levels. We are investigating how mitotic chromosome size scales with cell size, and leveraging ploidy manipulation and a variety of amphibian species to explore relationships among genome size, cell size, embryonic development, and metabolism. Our collaborative research aims to provide new insight into principles of mitosis and size scaling, as well as the molecular basis of variation that contributes to genomic instability and evolution. Aside from research, my goal is to provide a productive and nurturing environment for my group members and leverage my experience and leadership opportunities to enhance diversity, equity, inclusion, and belonging more broadly.
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Meeting ID: 991 3849 9259